thinking with type
letter text grid tools for teachers



Ellen Lupton is a writer, curator, and graphic designer. She is director of the MFA program in graphic design at Maryland Institute College of Art (MICA) in Baltimore. She also is curator of contemporary design at Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum in New York City, where she has organized numerous exhibitions, each accompanied by a major publication, including the National Design Triennial series (2000 and 2003), Skin: Surface, Substance + Design (2002), Graphic Design in the Mechanical Age (1999), Mixing Messages (1996), and Mechanical Brides: Women and Machines from Home to Office (1993). With J. Abbott Miller she co-authored Design Writing Research: Writing on Graphic Design (1996). Her most recent book is Thinking with Type: A Critical Guide for Designers, Writers, Editors and Students (2004).

Visit for an archive of essays by Ellen Lupton,
more free advice, information for students, and other resources.

National Design Museum: ndm/
e-mail Ellen:

Site designed by Ellen Lupton.
Special thanks to Graham Hatke, George Moore, and Stuart Moulthrop.