|Formerly Urban is a collection of essays grounded in the belief that design, in all its manifestations, must play a central role in the revitalization of shrinking cities in America. The essays, by notable architects, landscape architects, and urban planners, argue that designers need to seize the opportunity to
||be the link between universities, local government, and private foundations. Only by participating from an urban project's inception can designers help shape design policy and the design of public works. Formerly Urban is for practitioners, urban thinkers, and anyone participating in the renewal and revitalization of our formerly urban centers.